Male Infertility Overview
Many people continue to believe that infertility and reproductive problems almost always include the woman, despite the fact that this is not the case. Men account for up to 40% of infertility cases worldwide. Male infertility occurs as a result of sperm defects, which can be linked to quality or delivery.
This may be caused by a wide variety of factors, and there may be no visible symptoms or signs. To assess the diagnosis, the quantity or consistency of the sperm will be measured. To the naked eye, the semen may appear regular, and all-male functions, including sustaining an erection and ejaculation, may be normal, including in the presence of infertility.
Male infertility can be caused by a variety of causes, ranging from blockages in the tubes leading to the penis to environmental factors. These factors can wreak havoc on sperm transportation and development in the testes. Two-thirds of men who struggle with infertility contain insufficient sperm or none at all.
Numerous factors may contribute to male infertility. Several of these variables include the following:
- Transportation problems – In 1 in 5 infertile males, problems transporting sperm from the testes to the penis are discovered. This may involve tube blockages and men who have undergone vasectomy reversal.
- Sexual difficulties – Erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, and a lack of sex drive may all contribute to infertility.
- Hormone deficiency – This may be exacerbated by genetic factors or external factors such as anabolic steroid violence.
- Infection – Infections can cause scarring in the tubes, obstructing the sperm’s passageway.
- Undescended testes – This disorder occurs when one or both testes do not descend into the scrotum from the abdomen. Men may be born with this disease, which can be cured with surgery, but the testes can never work normally.
- Celiac disease – This condition is triggered by gluten-containing foods. Eliminating gluten from your diet can help you conceive.
- Previous surgery on the groin, testes, penis, or scrotum – Previous surgery on the groin, testes, penis, or scrotum may result in infertility.
Male infertility can also be influenced by environmental factors. Prolonged exposure to certain substances, such as chemicals and excessive heat, can impair sperm production and function.
Among these are the following:
- Industrial chemicals – Pesticides, benzenes, and paint materials can all play a role.
- X-ray and radiation exposure – These exposures can result in decreased sperm counts, and prolonged exposure can result in permanent harm.
- Heavy metals – Lead exposure can result in infertility.
- Heat – Extreme heat exposure, such as that found in underground mines, spas, and saunas, can affect sperm function and development.
The conception will take time, up to a year in some cases. This can occur for a variety of reasons. If you are worried or have been attempting for an extended period of time, a visit to the doctor is the perfect way to ascertain the reason. If you have any of the symptoms or causes mentioned above, it is important to consult your physician and seek care.
Infertility can be an emotionally draining time for both you and your partner. Physical and emotional assistance is available to you through the healthcare system during this trying period. Surgery or other costly procedures may be needed to aid in reproduction. While certain forms of male infertility are not preventable or reversible, there are some things you can do to help strengthen the ones that are.
This includes the following:
- Give up smoking
- Abstain from recreational drug use
- Decreased tension
- Use alcohol in moderation
- Minimize exposure to potentially harmful environmental factors
- Avoid wearing constricting clothes and prolonged sitting
- Physical activity and a balanced diet to aid in weight loss and maintenance
Treatments for infertility vary according to the underlying cause. One in every eight cases of male infertility is treatable, and with the assistance of your physician, pregnancy is possible. Certain physicians may suggest a course of treatment, such as IVF (in vitro fertilization).
This care can be costly, but it is usually seen as a last resort. Although one or more treatments will result in pregnancy, IVF will not cure your infertility.
Additional therapies that your doctor can recommend include the following:
- Surgery – To correct any tube obstructions or reverse vasectomies.
- Sexual function – Medication may be available to assist you with any sexual function problems, such as erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation.
- Hormone therapy – Medicine may be used to restore natural hormone levels.
- Infections – Antibiotic treatment of infections can help reverse some causes of infertility.
There are many home remedies that can help increase your sperm count, including vitamins and supplements such as biotin, zinc, and magnesium. However, it is important that you consult your physician if you wish to pursue a home remedy solution, as there can be risks associated with improper dosages. It is important to discuss your symptoms and signs with your doctor in order to get the best care possible for your condition.